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The Faculty of Medicine - Medical Neurobiology: Bergman Hagai


Last updated February 2023 - Medical Neurobiology

List of Publications

(1) Shamir RR, Joskowicz L, Bergman H. Editorial: Image-based planning of electric neurological treatments. Front Human Neurosci 2023;16.

(2) Weill C, Gallant A, Baker Erdman H, Abu Snineh M, Linetsky E, Bergman H, et al. The Genetic Etiology of Parkinson's Disease Does Not Robustly Affect Subthalamic Physiology. Mov Disord 2023.

(3) Kaplan A, Mizrahi-Kliger AD, Rappel P, Iskhakova L, Fonar G, Israel Z, et al. Spontaneous pauses in firing of external pallidum neurons are associated with exploratory behavior. Commun Biolog 2022;5(1).

(4) Mizrahi-Kliger AD, Kaplan A, Israel Z, Bergman H. Entrainment to sleep spindles reflects dissociable patterns of connectivity between cortex and basal ganglia. Cell Rep 2022;40(12).

(5) Erdman HB, Kornilov E, Kahana E, Zarchi O, Reiner J, Socher A, et al. Asleep DBS under ketamine sedation: Proof of concept. Neurobiol Dis 2022;170.

(6) Ma W, Li M, Wu J, Zhang Z, Jia F, Zhang M, et al. Multiple step saccades in simply reactive saccades could serve as a complementary biomarker for the early diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease. Front Aging Neurosci 2022;14.

(7) Osnat O, Matityahu L, Mizrahi-Kliger A, Kaplan A, Berkowitz N, Tiroshi L, et al. Non-uniform distribution of dendritic nonlinearities differentially engages thalamostriatal and corticostriatal inputs onto cholinergic interneurons. eLife 2022;11.

(8) Mizrahi-Kliger AD, Feldmann LK, Kühn AA, Bergman H. Etiologies of insomnia in Parkinson's disease – Lessons from human studies and animal models. Exp Neurol 2022;350.

(9) Liu X, Xu Y, Bergman H, Li S, Wang W. A systematic review of Twiddler’s syndrome: a hardware-related complication of deep brain stimulation. Neurosurg Rev 2022;45(2):951-963.

(10) Wong JK, Deuschl G, Wolke R, Bergman H, Muthuraman M, Groppa S, et al. Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Deep Brain Stimulation Think Tank: Advances in Cutting Edge Technologies, Artificial Intelligence, Neuromodulation, Neuroethics, Pain, Interventional Psychiatry, Epilepsy, and Traumatic Brain Injury. Front Human Neurosci 2022;16.

(11) Iskhakova L, Rappel P, Deffains M, Fonar G, Marmor O, Paz R, et al. Modulation of dopamine tone induces frequency shifts in cortico-basal ganglia beta oscillations. Nat Commun 2021;12(1).

(12) Guang J, Baker H, Ben-Yishay Nizri O, Firman S, Werner-Reiss U, Kapuller V, et al. Toward asleep DBS: cortico-basal ganglia spectral and coherence activity during interleaved propofol/ketamine sedation mimics NREM/REM sleep activity. NPJ Parkinson's Dis 2021;7(1).

(13) Sand D, Arkadir D, Abu Snineh M, Marmor O, Israel Z, Bergman H, et al. Deep Brain Stimulation Can Differentiate Subregions of the Human Subthalamic Nucleus Area by EEG Biomarkers. Front Syst Neurosci 2021;15.

(14) Sand D, Rappel P, Marmor O, Bick AS, Arkadir D, Lu B-, et al. Machine learning-based personalized subthalamic biomarkers predict ON-OFF levodopa states in Parkinson patients. J Neural Eng 2021;18(4).

(15) Menchón JM, Real E, Alonso P, Aparicio MA, Segalas C, Plans G, et al. A prospective international multi-center study on safety and efficacy of deep brain stimulation for resistant obsessive-compulsive disorder. Mol Psychiatry 2021;26(4):1234-1247.

(16) Sui Y, Tian Y, Ko WKD, Wang Z, Jia F, Horn A, et al. Deep Brain Stimulation Initiative: Toward Innovative Technology, New Disease Indications, and Approaches to Current and Future Clinical Challenges in Neuromodulation Therapy. Front Neurol 2021;11.

(17) Benady A, Zadik S, Eimerl D, Heymann S, Bergman H, Israel Z, et al. Sedative drugs modulate the neuronal activity in the subthalamic nucleus of parkinsonian patients. Sci Rep 2020;10(1).

(18) Valsky D, Grosberg SH, Israel Z, Boraud T, Bergman H, Deffains M. What is the true discharge rate and pattern of the striatal projection neurons in parkinson’s disease and dystonia? eLife 2020;9:1-27.

(19) Mizrahi-Kliger AD, Kaplan A, Israel Z, Deffains M, Bergman H. Basal ganglia beta oscillations during sleep underlie Parkinsonian insomnia. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2020;117(29):17359-17368.

(20) Kaplan A, Mizrahi-Kliger AD, Israel Z, Adler A, Bergman H. Dissociable roles of ventral pallidum neurons in the basal ganglia reinforcement learning network. Nat Neurosci 2020;23(4):556-564.

(21) Marmor O, Rappel P, Valsky D, Bick AS, Arkadir D, Linetsky E, et al. Movement context modulates neuronal activity in motor and limbic-associative domains of the human parkinsonian subthalamic nucleus. Neurobiol Dis 2020;136.

(22) Peles O, Werner-Reiss U, Bergman H, Israel Z, Vaadia E. Phase-Specific Microstimulation Differentially Modulates Beta Oscillations and Affects Behavior. Cell Rep 2020;30(8):2555-2566.e3.

(23) Rappel P, Grosberg S, Arkadir D, Linetsky E, Abu Snineh M, Bick AS, et al. Theta-alpha oscillations characterize emotional subregion in the human ventral subthalamic nucleus. Mov Disord 2020;35(2):337-343.

(24) Asch N, Herschman Y, Maoz R, Auerbach-Asch CR, Valsky D, Abu-Snineh M, et al. Independently together: subthalamic theta and beta opposite roles in predicting Parkinson's tremor. Brain Commun 2020;2(2).

(25) Snineh MA, Hajyahya A, Linetsky E, Eitan R, Bergman H, Israel Z, et al. A Real-Life Search for the Optimal Set of Conversion Factors to Levodopa-Equivalent-Dose in Parkinson's Disease Patients on Polytherapy. J Parkinson's Dis 2020;10(1):173-178.

(26) Valsky D, Blackwell KT, Tamir I, Eitan R, Bergman H, Israel Z. Real-time machine learning classification of pallidal borders during deep brain stimulation surgery. J Neural Eng 2020;17(1).

(27) Thompson JA, Oukal S, Bergman H, Ojemann S, Hebb AO, Hanrahan S, et al. Semi-automated application for estimating subthalamic nucleus boundaries and optimal target selection for deep brain stimulation implantation surgery. J Neurosurg 2019;130(4):1224-1233.

(28) Lozano AM, Lipsman N, Bergman H, Brown P, Chabardes S, Chang JW, et al. Deep brain stimulation: current challenges and future directions. Nat Rev Neurol 2019;15(3):148-160.

(29) Shamir RR, Duchin Y, Kim J, Patriat R, Marmor O, Bergman H, et al. Microelectrode Recordings Validate the Clinical Visualization of Subthalamic-Nucleus Based on 7T Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Machine Learning for Deep Brain Stimulation Surgery. Clin Neurosurgery 2019;84(3):749-756.

(30) Deffains M, Bergman H. Parkinsonism-related β oscillations in the primate basal ganglia networks – Recent advances and clinical implications. Parkinsonism Relat Disord 2019;59:2-8.

(31) Eitan R, Bergman H, Israel Z. Closed-loop deep brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease. Surgery for Parkinson's Disease; 2018. p. 131-149.

(32) Rappel P, Marmor O, Bick AS, Arkadir D, Linetsky E, Castrioto A, et al. Subthalamic theta activity: A novel human subcortical biomarker for obsessive compulsive disorder. Transl Psychiatry 2018;8(1).

(33) Deffains M, Iskhakova L, Katabi S, Israel Z, Bergman H. Longer β oscillatory episodes reliably identify pathological subthalamic activity in Parkinsonism. Mov Disord 2018;33(10):1609-1618.

(34) Mizrahi-Kliger AD, Kaplan A, Israel Z, Bergman H. Desynchronization of slow oscillations in the basal ganglia during natural sleep. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2018;115(18):E4274-E4283.

(35) Wichmann T, Bergman H, DeLong MR. Basal ganglia, movement disorders and deep brain stimulation: advances made through non-human primate research. J Neural Transm 2018;125(3):419-430.

(36) Israel Z, Bergman H, Eitan R. Next generation programming. Mov Disord 2018;33(2):186.

(37) Margaliot Kalifa T, Ziv N, Bergman H, Nusair S, Arkadir D. Increased energy expenditure during posture maintenance and exercise in early Parkinson disease. Heal Sci Rep 2018;1(1).

(38) Eitan R, Fontaine D, Benoît M, Giordana C, Darmon N, Israel Z, et al. One year double blind study of high vs low frequency subcallosal cingulate stimulation for depression. J Psychiatr Res 2018;96:124-134.

(39) Tamir I, Marmor-Levin O, Eitan R, Bergman H, Israel Z. Posterolateral Trajectories Favor a Longer Motor Domain in Subthalamic Nucleus Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson Disease. World Neurosurg 2017;106:450-461.

(40) Obeso JA, Stamelou M, Goetz CG, Poewe W, Lang AE, Weintraub D, et al. Past, present, and future of Parkinson's disease: A special essay on the 200th Anniversary of the Shaking Palsy. Mov Disord 2017;32(9):1264-1310.

(41) Ashkan K, Rogers P, Bergman H, Ughratdar I. Insights into the mechanisms of deep brain stimulation. Nat Rev Neurol 2017;13(9):548-554.

(42) Slovik M, Rosin B, Moshel S, Mitelman R, Schechtman E, Eitan R, et al. Ketamine induced converged synchronous gamma oscillations in the cortico-basal ganglia network of nonhuman primates. J Neurophysiol 2017;118(2):917-931.

(43) Hamel W, Köppen JA, Alesch F, Antonini A, Barcia JA, Bergman H, et al. Targeting of the Subthalamic Nucleus for Deep Brain Stimulation: A Survey Among Parkinson Disease Specialists. World Neurosurg 2017;99:41-46.

(44) Meyer E, Carss KJ, Rankin J, Nichols JME, Grozeva D, Joseph AP, et al. Mutations in the histone methyltransferase gene KMT2B cause complex early-onset dystonia. Nat Genet 2017;49(2):223-237.

(45) Iskhakova L, Rappel P, Arkadir D, Eitan R, Israel Z, Bergman H. Computational physiology of the Basal Ganglia, movement disorders, and their therapy. Movement Disorders Curricula; 2017. p. 3-10.

(46) Marmor O, Valsky D, Joshua M, Bick AS, Arkadir D, Tamir I, et al. Local vs. Volume conductance activity of field potentials in the human subthalamic nucleus. J Neurophysiol 2017;117(6):2140-2151.

(47) Valsky D, Marmor-Levin O, Deffains M, Eitan R, Blackwell KT, Bergman H, et al. Stop! border ahead: Automatic detection of subthalamic exit during deep brain stimulation surgery. Mov Disord 2017;32(1):70-79.

(48) Castrioto A, Marmor O, Deffains M, Willner D, Linetsky E, Bergman H, et al. Anesthesia reduces discharge rates in the human pallidum without changing the discharge rate ratio between pallidal segments. Eur J Neurosci 2016;44(11):2909-2913.

(49) Schechtman E, Noblejas MI, Mizrahi AD, Dauber O, Bergman H. Pallidal spiking activity reflects learning dynamics and predicts performance. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2016;113(41):E6281-E6289.

(50) Deffains M, Iskhakova L, Katabi S, Haber SN, Israel Z, Bergman H. Subthalamic, not striatal, activity correlates with basal ganglia downstream activity in normal and parkinsonian monkeys. eLife 2016;5(AUGUST).

(51) Yaghmour NE, Israel Z, Bergman H, Eitan R, Arkadir D. Deep brain stimulation in Parkinson’s disease and essential tremor: In search of lost time. Isr Med Assoc J 2016;18(7):424-425.

(52) Israel Z, Bergman H. Location, location, location: Validating the position of deep brain stimulation electrodes. Mov Disord 2016;31(3):259.

(53) Quantifying Levodopa-Induced Dyskinesia Using Depth Camera. Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision; 2016.

(54) Deffains M, Adler A, Joshua M, Goldberg JA, Morris G, Bergman H. Basal ganglia: Acetylcholine interactions and behavior. The Curated Reference Collection in Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Psychology; 2016.

(55) Vinokurov N, Arkadir D, Linetsky E, Bergman H, Weinshall D. Quantifying hypomimia in Parkinson patients using a depth camera. Commun Comput Info Sci 2016;604:63-71.

(56) Deffains M, Iskhakova L, Bergman H. Stop and Think about Basal Ganglia Functional Organization: The Pallido-Striatal "Stop" Route. Neuron 2016;89(2):237-239.

(57) Noblejas MI, Schechtman E, Adler A, Joshua M, Katabi S, Bergman H. Hold your pauses: External globus pallidus neurons respond to behavioural events by decreasing pause activity. Eur J Neurosci 2015;42(7):2415-2425.

(58) Soreq L, Salomonis N, Israel Z, Bergman H, Soreq H. Analyzing alternative splicing data of splice junction arrays from Parkinson patients' leukocytes before and after deep brain stimulation as compared with control donors. Genomics Data 2015;5:340-343.

(59) Deffains M, Bergman H. Striatal cholinergic interneurons and cortico-striatal synaptic plasticity in health and disease. Mov Disord 2015;30(8):1014-1025.

(60) Bergman H, Katabi S, Slovik M, Deffains M, Arkadir D, Israel Z, et al. Motor Pathways, Basal Ganglia Physiology, and Pathophysiology. Brain Stimulation: Methodologies and Interventions; 2015. p. 29-44.

(61) Schechtman E, Adler A, Deffains M, Gabbay H, Katabi S, Mizrahi A, et al. Coinciding decreases in discharge rate suggest that spontaneous pauses in firing of external pallidum neurons are network driven. J Neurosci 2015;35(17):6744-6751.

(62) Ramirez De Noriega F, Eitan R, Marmor O, Lavi A, Linetzky E, Bergman H, et al. Constant current versus constant voltage subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation in parkinson's disease. Stereotactic Funct Neurosurg 2015;93(2):114-121.

(63) Soreq L, Salomonis N, Guffanti A, Bergman H, Israel Z, Soreq H. Whole transcriptome RNA sequencing data from blood leukocytes derived from Parkinson's disease patients prior to and following deep brain stimulation treatment. Genomics Data 2015;3:57-60.

(64) Arkadir D, Castrioto A, Eitan R, Israel Z, Bergman H. In quest of the oscillator(s) in tremor: Are we getting closer? Brain 2014;137(12):3102-3103.

(65) Deffains M, Holland P, Moshel S, Ramirez de Noriega F, Bergman H, Israel Z. Higher neuronal discharge rate in the motor area of the subthalamic nucleus of parkinsonian patients. J Neurophysiol 2014;112(6):1409-1420.

(66) Moustafa AA, Bar-Gad I, Korngreen A, Bergman H. Basal ganglia: Physiological, behavioral, and computational studies. Front Syst Neurosci 2014;8(AUG).

(67) Bergman H, Israel Z, Rosin B. Closed-loop programming: Animal studies. Deep Brain Stimulation: Technology and Applications; 2014. p. 92-103.

(68) Arkadir D, Bergman H, Fahn S. Redundant dopaminergic activity may enable compensatory axonal sprouting in Parkinson disease. Neurology 2014;82(12):1093-1098.

(69) Soreq L, Guffanti A, Salomonis N, Simchovitz A, Israel Z, Bergman H, et al. Long Non-Coding RNA and Alternative Splicing Modulations in Parkinson's Leukocytes Identified by RNA Sequencing. PLoS Comput Biol 2014;10(3).

(70) Soreq L, Bergman H, Israel Z, Soreq H. Overlapping molecular signatures in Parkinson's patient leukocytes before and after treatment and in mouse model brain regions. CNS Neurol Disord Drug Targets 2013;12(8):1086-1093.

(71) Eitan R, Shamir RR, Linetsky E, Rosenbluh O, Moshel S, Ben-Hur T, et al. Asymmetric right/left encoding of emotions in the human subthalamic nucleus. Front Syst Neurosci 2013;7(OCT).

(72) Adler A, Katabi S, Finkes I, Prut Y, Bergman H. Different correlation patterns of cholinergic and GABAergic interneurons with striatal projection neurons. Front Syst Neurosci 2013;7(SEP).

(73) Soreq L, Bergman H, Israel Z, Soreq H. Deep brain stimulation modulates nonsense-mediated RNA decay in Parkinson's patients leukocytes. BMC Genomics 2013;14(1).

(74) Shamir RR, Eitan R, Sheffer S, Marmor-Levin O, Valsky D, Moshel S, et al. Intra-operative identification of the subthalamic nucleus motor zone using goniometers. Lect Notes Comput Sci 2013;7915 LNCS:21-29.

(75) Soreq L, Salomonis N, Bronstein M, Greenberg DS, Israel Z, Bergman H, et al. Small RNA sequencing-microarray analyses in Parkinson leukocytes reveal deep brain stimulation-induced and splicing changes that classify brain region transcriptomes. Front Mol Neurosci 2013(APR 2013).

(76) Adler A, Finkes I, Katabi S, Prut Y, Bergman H. Encoding by synchronization in the primate striatum. J Neurosci 2013;33(11):4854-4866.

(77) Engelhard B, Ozeri N, Israel Z, Bergman H, Vaadia E. Inducing Gamma Oscillations and Precise Spike Synchrony by Operant Conditioning via Brain-Machine Interface. Neuron 2013;77(2):361-375.

(78) Moshel S, Shamir RR, Raz A, de Noriega FR, Eitan R, Bergman H, et al. Subthalamic nucleus long-range synchronization—an independent hallmark of human Parkinson’s disease. Front Syst Neurosci 2013;7.

(79) Haber SN, Adler A, Bergman H. The Basal Ganglia. The Human Nervous System; 2012. p. 678-738.

(80) Shamir RR, Zaidel A, Joskowicz L, Bergman H, Israel Z. Microelectrode recording duration and spatial density constraints for automatic targeting of the subthalamic nucleus. Stereotactic Funct Neurosurg 2012;90(5):325-334.

(81) Soreq L, Bergman H, Goll Y, Greenberg DS, Israel Z, Soreq H. Deep brain stimulation induces rapidly reversible transcript changes in Parkinson's leucocytes. J Cell Mol Med 2012;16(7):1496-1507.

(82) Winestone JS, Zaidel A, Bergman H, Israel Z. The use of macroelectrodes in recording cellular spiking activity. J Neurosci Methods 2012;206(1):34-39.

(83) Soreq L, Bergman H, Israel Z, Soreq H. Exon arrays reveal alternative splicing aberrations in Parkinson's disease leukocytes. Neurodegenerative Dis 2012;10(1-4):203-206.

(84) Soreq L, Ben-Shaul Y, Israel Z, Bergman H, Soreq H. Meta-analysis of genetic and environmental Parkinson's disease models reveals a common role of mitochondrial protection pathways. Neurobiol Dis 2012;45(3):1018-1030.

(85) Adler A, Katabi S, Finkes I, Israel Z, Prut Y, Bergman H. Temporal convergence of dynamic cell assemblies in the striato-pallidal network. J Neurosci 2012;32(7):2473-2484.

(86) Benmoyal-Segal L, Soreq L, Ben-Shaul Y, Ben-Ari S, Ben-Moshe T, Aviel S, et al. Adaptive alternative splicing correlates with less environmental risk of parkinsonism. Neurodegenerative Dis 2012;9(2):87-98.

(87) Goldberg JA, Bergman H. Computational physiology of the neural networks of the primate globus pallidus: Function and dysfunction. Neuroscience 2011;198:171-192.

(88) Israel Z, Winestone J, Zaidel A, Rosin B, Soreq L, Eitan R, et al. The future of deep brain stimulation. Augmenting Cognition; 2011. p. 193-205.

(89) Rosin B, Slovik M, Mitelman R, Rivlin-Etzion M, Haber S, Israel Z, et al. Closed-loop deep brain stimulation is superior in ameliorating parkinsonism. Neuron 2011;72(2):370-384.

(90) Mitelman R, Rosin B, Zadka H, Slovik M, Heimer G, Ritov Y, et al. Neighboring pallidal neurons do not exhibit more synchronous oscillations than remote ones in the MPTP primate model of Parkinson's disease. Front Syst Neurosci 2011(JUNE 2011).

(91) Parush N, Tishby N, Bergman H. Dopaminergic balance between reward maximization and policy complexity. Front Syst Neurosci 2011(MAY 2011).

(92) Angelaki DE, Bergman H. Motor systems. Curr Opin Neurobiol 2010;20(6):687-688.

(93) Redgrave P, Rodriguez M, Smith Y, Rodriguez-Oroz MC, Lehericy S, Bergman H, et al. Goal-directed and habitual control in the basal ganglia: Implications for Parkinson's disease. Nat Rev Neurosci 2010;11(11):760-772.

(94) Zaidel A, Bergman H, Ritov Y, Md ZI. Levodopa and subthalamic deep brain stimulation responses are not congruent. Mov Disord 2010;25(14):2379-2386.

(95) Zaidel A, Spivak A, Grieb B, Bergman H, Israel Z. Subthalamic span of β oscillations predicts deep brain stimulation efficacy for patients with Parkinson's disease. Brain 2010;133(7):2007-2021.

(96) Goldberg JH, Adler A, Bergman H, Fee MS. Singing-related neural activity distinguishes two putative pallidal cell types in the songbird basal ganglia: Comparison to the primate internal and external pallidal segments. J Neurosci 2010;30(20):7088-7098.

(97) Joshua M, Adler A, Bergman H. Novelty encoding by the output neurons of the basal ganglia. Front Syst Neurosci 2010;3(JAN).

(98) Bergman H, Zaidel A, Rosin B, Slovik M, Rivlin-Etzion M, Moshel S, et al. Pathological Synchrony of Basal Ganglia-Cortical Networks in the Systemic MPTP Primate Model of Parkinson's Disease. Handb Behav Neurosci 2010;20(C):653-658.

(99) Raz A, Eimerl D, Zaidel A, Bergman H, Israel Z. Propofol decreases neuronal population spiking activity in the subthalamic nucleus of parkinsonian patients. Anesth Analg 2010;111(5):1285-1289.

(100) Rivlin-Etzion M, Elias S, Heimer G, Bergman H. Computational physiology of the basal ganglia in Parkinson's disease. Prog Brain Res 2010;183(C):259-273.

(101) Morris G, Schmidt R, Bergman H. Striatal action-learning based on dopamine concentration. Exp Brain Res 2010;200(3-4):307-317.

(102) Adler A, Joshua M, Rivlin-Etzion M, Mitelman R, Marmor O, Prut Y, et al. Neurons in both pallidal segments change their firing properties similarly prior to closure of the eyes. J Neurophysiol 2010;103(1):346-359.

(103) Joshua M, Adler A, Bergman H. The dynamics of dopamine in control of motor behavior. Curr Opin Neurobiol 2009;19(6):615-620.

(104) Zaidel A, Spivak A, Shpigelman L, Bergman H, Israel Z. Delimiting subterritories of the human subthalamic nucleus by means of microelectrode recordings and a hidden Markov model. Mov Disord 2009;24(12):1785-1793.

(105) Zaidel A, Arkadir D, Israel Z, Bergman H. Akineto-rigid vs. tremor syndromes in Parkinsonism. Curr Opin Neurol 2009;22(4):387-393.

(106) Joshua M, Adler A, Prut Y, Vaadia E, Wickens JR, Bergman H. Synchronization of Midbrain Dopaminergic Neurons Is Enhanced by Rewarding Events. Neuron 2009;62(5):695-704.

(107) Mitelman R, Joshua M, Adler A, Bergman H. A noninvasive, fast and inexpensive tool for the detection of eye open/closed state in primates. J Neurosci Methods 2009;178(2):350-356.

(108) Joshua M, Adler A, Rosin B, Vaadia E, Bergman H. Encoding of probabilistic rewarding and aversive events by pallidal and nigral neurons. J Neurophysiol 2009;101(2):758-772.

(109) Adler A, Joshoua M, Bergman H, Goldberg JA, Morris G. Basal Ganglia: Acetylcholine Interactions and Behavior. Encyclopedia of Neuroscience; 2009. p. 63-66.

(110) Moran A, Bergman H, Israel Z, Bar-Gad I. Subthalamic nucleus functional organization revealed by parkinsonian neuronal oscillations and synchrony. Brain 2008;131(12):3395-3409.

(111) Parush N, Arkadir D, Nevet A, Morris G, Tishby N, Nelken I, et al. Encoding by response duration in the basal ganglia. J Neurophysiol 2008;100(6):3244-3252.

(112) Elias S, Ritov Y, Bergman H. Balance of increases and decreases in firing rate of the spontaneous activity of basal ganglia high-frequency discharge neurons. J Neurophysiol 2008;100(6):3086-3104.

(113) Joshua M, Adler A, Mitelman R, Vaadia E, Bergman H. Midbrain dopaminergic neurons and striatal cholinergic interneurons encode the difference between reward and aversive events at different epochs of probabilistic classical conditioning trials. J Neurosci 2008;28(45):11673-11684.

(114) Elias S, Israel Z, Bergman H. Physiology of Parkinson's Disease. Therapeutics of Parkinson's Disease and Other Movement Disorders; 2008. p. 25-36.

(115) Zach N, Inbar D, Grinvald Y, Bergman H, Vaadia E. Emergence of novel representations in primary motor cortex and premotor neurons during associative learning. J Neurosci 2008;28(38):9545-9556.

(116) Soreq L, Israel Z, Bergman H, Soreq H. Advanced microarray analysis highlights modified neuro-immune signaling in nucleated blood cells from Parkinson's disease patients. J Neuroimmunol 2008;201-202(C):227-236.

(117) Shtarkshall R, Bergman H, Goelman G. Corrigendum to "Evidence for the coexistence of segregated and integrated functional connections from the striatum to the substantia nigra in rats" [NeuroImage 40 (2008) 451-457] (DOI:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2007.12.017). Neuroimage 2008;42(3):1266.

(118) Rav-Acha M, Bergman H, Yarom Y. Pre- and postsynaptic serotoninergic excitation of globus pallidus neurons. J Neurophysiol 2008;100(2):1053-1066.

(119) Soreq L, Gilboa-Geffen A, Berrih-Aknin S, Lacoste P, Darvasi A, Soreq E, et al. Identifying alternative hyper-splicing signatures in MG-thymoma by exon arrays. PLoS ONE 2008;3(6).

(120) Zaidel A, Moran A, Marjan G, Bergman H, Israel Z. Prior pallidotomy reduces and modifies neuronal activity in the subthalamic nucleus of Parkinson's disease patients (European Journal of Neuroscience (2008) 27, (483-491)). Eur J Neurosci 2008;27(5):1308-1310.

(121) Israel Z, Bergman H. Pathophysiology of the basal ganglia and movement disorders: From animal models to human clinical applications. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2008;32(3):367-377.

(122) Rivlin-Etzion M, Marmor O, Saban G, Rosin B, Haber SN, Vaadia E, et al. Low-pass filter properties of basal ganglia-cortical-muscle loops in the normal and MPTP primate model of parkinsonism. J Neurosci 2008;28(3):633-649.

(123) Zaidel A, Moran A, Marjan G, Bergman H, Israel Z. Prior pallidotomy reduces and modifies neuronal activity in the subthalamic nucleus of Parkinson's disease patients. Eur J Neurosci 2008;27(2):483-491.

(124) Rosin B, Nevet A, Elias S, Rivlin-Etzion M, Israel Z, Bergman H. Physiology and pathophysiology of the basal ganglia-thalamo-cortical networks. Parkinsonism Relat Disord 2007;13(SUPPL. 3):S437-S439.

(125) Nevet A, Morris G, Saban G, Arkadir D, Bergman H. Lack of spike-count and spike-time correlations in the substantia nigra reticulata despite overlap of neural responses. J Neurophysiol 2007;98(4):2232-2243.

(126) Pelled G, Bergman H, Ben-Hur T, Goelman G. Manganese-enhanced MRI in a rat model of Parkinson's disease. J Magn Reson Imaging 2007;26(4):863-870.

(127) Joshua M, Elias S, Levine O, Bergman H. Quantifying the isolation quality of extracellularly recorded action potentials. J Neurosci Methods 2007;163(2):267-282.

(128) Elias S, Joshua M, Goldberg JA, Heimer G, Arkadir D, Morris G, et al. Statistical properties of pauses of the high-frequency discharge neurons in the external segment of the globus pallidus. J Neurosci 2007;27(10):2525-2538.

(129) Hammond C, Bergman H, Brown P. Pathological synchronization in Parkinson's disease: networks, models and treatments. Trends Neurosci 2007;30(7):357-364.

(130) Rivlin-Etzion M, Marmor O, Heimer G, Raz A, Nini A, Bergman H. Basal ganglia oscillations and pathophysiology of movement disorders. Curr Opin Neurobiol 2006;16(6):629-637.

(131) Moran A, Bar-Gad I, Bergman H, Israel Z. Real-time refinement of subthalamic nucleus targeting using Bayesian decision-making on the root mean square measure. Mov Disord 2006;21(9):1425-1431.

(132) Heimer G, Rivlin-Etzion M, Bar-Gad I, Goldberg JA, Haber SN, Bergman H. Dopamine replacement therapy does not restore the full spectrum of normal pallidal activity in the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetra-hydropyridine primate model of Parkinsonism. J Neurosci 2006;26(31):8101-8114.

(133) Morris G, Nevet A, Arkadir D, Vaadia E, Bergman H. Midbrain dopamine neurons encode decisions for future action. Nat Neurosci 2006;9(8):1057-1063.

(134) Ben-Shaul Y, BenMoyal-Segal L, Ben-Ari S, Bergman H, Soreq H. Adaptive acetylcholinesterase splicing patterns attenuate 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-induced Parkinsonism in mice. Eur J Neurosci 2006;23(11):2915-2922.

(135) Rivlin-Etzion M, Ritov Y, Heimer G, Bergman H, Bar-Gad I. Local shuffling of spike trains boosts the accuracy of spike train spectral analysis. J Neurophysiol 2006;95(5):3245-3256.

(136) Leblois A, Boraud T, Meissner W, Bergman H, Hansel D. Competition between feedback loops underlies normal and pathological dynamics in the basal ganglia. J Neurosci 2006;26(13):3567-3583.

(137) Heimer G, Rivlin M, Israel Z, Bergman H. Synchronizing activity of basal ganglia and pathophysiology of Parkinson's disease. J Neural Transm Suppl 2006(70):17-20.

(138) Ben-Pazi H, Shalev RS, Gross-Tsur V, Bergman H. Age and medication effects on rhythmic responses in ADHD: Possible oscillatory mechanisms? Neuropsychologia 2006;44(3):412-416.

(139) Paz R, Natan C, Boraud T, Bergman H, Vaadia E. Emerging patterns of neuronal responses in supplementary and primary motor areas during sensorimotor adaptation. J Neurosci 2005;25(47):10941-10951.

(140) Rav-Acha M, Sagiv N, Segev I, Bergman H, Yarom Y. Dynamic and spatial features of the inhibitory pallidal GABAergic synapses. Neuroscience 2005;135(3):791-802.

(141) Pelled G, Bergman H, Ben-Hur T, Goelman G. Reduced basal activity and increased functional homogeneity in sensorimotor and striatum of a Parkinson's disease rat model: A functional MRI study. Eur J Neurosci 2005;21(8):2227-2232.

(142) Ben-Shaul Y, Bergman H, Soreq H. Identifying subtle interrelated changes in functional gene categories using continuous measures of gene expression. Bioinformatics 2005;21(7):1129-1137.

(143) Paz R, Nathan C, Boraud T, Bergman H, Vaadia E. Acquisition and generalization of visuomotor transformations by nonhuman primates. Exp Brain Res 2005;161(2):209-219.

(144) Morris G, Hershkovitz Y, Raz A, Nevet A, Bergman H. Physiological studies of information processing in the normal and Parkinsonian basal ganglia: Pallidal activity in Go/No-Go task and following MPTP treatment. Prog Brain Res 2005;147(SPEC. ISS.):283-293.

(145) Arkadir D, Morris G, Vaadia E, Bergman H. Independent coding of movement direction and reward prediction by single pallidal neurons. J Neurosci 2004;24(45):10047-10056.

(146) Nevet A, Morris G, Saban G, Fainstein N, Bergman H. Discharge rate of substantia nigra pars reticulata neurons is reduced in non-Parkinsonian monkeys with apomorphine-induced orofacial dyskinesia. J Neurophysiol 2004;92(4):1973-1981.

(147) Bar-Gad I, Elias S, Vaadia E, Bergman H. Complex locking rather than complete cessation of neuronal activity in the globus pallidus of a 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-treated primate in response to pallidal microstimulation. J Neurosci 2004;24(33):7410-7419.

(148) Morris G, Arkadir D, Nevet A, Vaadia E, Bergman H. Coincident but distinct messages of midbrain dopamine and striatal tonically active neurons. Neuron 2004;43(1):133-143.

(149) Goldberg JA, Rokni U, Boraud T, Vaadia E, Bergman H. Spike synchronization in the cortex-basal ganglia networks of parkinsonian primates reflects global dynamics of the local field potentials. J Neurosci 2004;24(26):6003-6010.

(150) Dostrovsky J, Bergman H. Oscillatory activity in the basal ganglia-relationship to normal physiology and pathophysiology. Brain 2004;127(4):721-722.

(151) Ben-Pazi H, Gross-Tsur V, Bergman H, Shalev RS. Abnormal rhythmic motor response in children with attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder. Dev Med Child Neurol 2003;45(11):743-745.

(152) Paz R, Boraud T, Natan C, Bergman H, Vaadia E. Preparatory activity in motor cortex reflects learning of local visuomotor skills. Nat Neurosci 2003;6(8):882-890.

(153) Morris G, Nevet A, Bergman H. Anatomical funneling, sparse connectivity and redundancy reduction in the neural networks of the basal ganglia. J Physiol Paris 2003;97(4-6):581-589.

(154) Bar-Gad I, Heimer G, Ritov Y, Bergman H. Functional correlations between neighboring neurons in the primate globus pallidus are weak or nonexistent. J Neurosci 2003;23(10):4012-4016.

(155) Bar-Gad I, Morris G, Bergman H. Information processing, dimensionality reduction and reinforcement learning in the basal ganglia. Prog Neurobiol 2003;71(6):439-473.

(156) Elazary AS, Attia R, Bergman H, Ben-Pazi H. Age-related accelerated tapping response in healthy population. Percept Mot Skills 2003;96(1):227-235.

(157) Ritov Y, Raz A, Bergman H. Detection of onset of neuronal activity by allowing for heterogeneity in the change points. J Neurosci Methods 2002;122(1):25-42.

(158) Pelled G, Bergman H, Goelman G. Bilateral overactivation of the sensorimotor cortex in the unilateral rodent model of Parkinson's disease - A functional magnetic resonance imaging study. Eur J Neurosci 2002;15(2):389-394.

(159) Steinberg O, Donchin O, Gribova A, Cardoso de Oliveira S, Bergman H, Vaadia E. Neuronal populations in primary motor cortex encode bimanual arm movements. Eur J Neurosci 2002;15(8):1371-1380.

(160) Bergman H, Deuschl G. Pathophysiology of parkinsion's disease: From clinical neurology to basic neuroscience and back. Mov Disord 2002;17(SUPPL. 3):S28-S40.

(161) Donchin O, Gribova A, Steinberg O, Mitz AR, Bergman H, Vaadia E. Single-unit activity related to bimanual arm movements in the primary and supplementary motor cortices. J Neurophysiol 2002;88(6):3498-3517.

(162) Heimer G, Bar-Gad I, Goldberg JA, Bergman H. Dopamine replacement therapy reverses abnormal synchronization of pallidal neurons in the 1-methyl-4-phenyll-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine primate model of parkinsonism. J Neurosci 2002;22(18):7850-7855.

(163) Goldberg JA, Boraud T, Maraton S, Haber SN, Vaadia E, Bergman H. Enhanced Synchrony among Primary Motor Cortex Neurons in the 1-Methyl-4-Phenyl-1,2,3,6-Tetrahydropyridine Primate Model of Parkinson's Disease. J Neurosci 2002;22(11):4639-4653.

(164) Deuschl G, Bergman H. Pathophysiology of nonparkinsonian tremors. Mov Disord 2002;17(SUPPL. 3):S41-S48.

(165) Gribova A, Donchin O, Bergman H, Vaadia E, Cardoso De Oliveira S. Timing of bimanual movements in human and non-human primates in relation to neuronal activity in primary motor cortex and supplementary motor area. Exp Brain Res 2002;146(3):322-335.

(166) Cardoso de Oliveira S, Gribova A, Donchin O, Bergman H, Vaadia E. Neural interactions between motor cortical hemispheres during bimanual and unimanual arm movements. Eur J Neurosci 2001;14(11):1881-1896.

(167) Bar-Gad I, Bergman H. Stepping out of the box: Information processing in the neural networks of the basal ganglia. Curr Opin Neurobiol 2001;11(6):689-695.

(168) Ben-Shaul Y, Bergman H, Ritov Y, Abeles M. Trial to trial variability in either stimulus or action causes apparent correlation and synchrony in neuronal activity. J Neurosci Methods 2001;111(2):99-110.

(169) Ben-Pazi H, Bergman H, Goldberg JA, Giladi N, Hansel D, Reches A, et al. Synchrony of rest tremor in multiple limbs in Parkinson's disease: Evidence for multiple oscillators. J Neural Transm 2001;108(3):287-296.

(170) Bar-Gad I, Ritov Y, Vaadia E, Bergman H. Failure in identification of overlapping spikes from multiple neuron activity causes artificial correlations. J Neurosci Methods 2001;107(1-2):1-13.

(171) Bar-Gad I, Ritov Y, Bergman H. The neuronal refractory period causes a short-term peak in the autocorrelation function. J Neurosci Methods 2001;104(2):155-163.

(172) Raz A, Frechter-Mazar V, Feingold A, Abeles M, Vaadia E, Bergman H. Activity of pallidal and striatal tonically active neurons is correlated in mptp-treated monkeys but not in normal monkeys. J Neurosci 2001;21(3).

(173) Donchin O, Gribova A, Steinberg O, Bergman H, Cardoso de Oliveira S, Vaadia E. Local field potentials related to bimanual movements in the primary and supplementary motor cortices. Exp Brain Res 2001;140(1):46-55.

(174) Raz A, Vaadia E, Bergman H. Firing patterns and correlations of spontaneous discharge of pallidal neurons in the normal and the tremulous 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine vervet model of parkinsonism. J Neurosci 2000;20(22):8559-8571.

(175) Bar-Gad I, Goldberg JA, Bergman H, Havazelet-Heimer G, Ruppin E. Reinforcement-Driven Dimensionality Reduction- A Model For Information Processing In The Basal Ganglia. J Basic Clin Physiol Pharmacol 2000;11(4):305-320.

(176) Wichmann T, Bergman H, Starr PA, Subramanian T, Watts RL, DeLong MR. Comparison of MPTP-induced changes in spontaneous neuronal discharge in the internal pallidal segment and in the substantia nigra pars reticulata in primates. Exp Brain Res 1999;125(4):397-409.

(177) Slovin H, Abeles M, Vaadia E, Haalman I, Prut Y, Bergman H. Frontal cognitive impairments and saccadic deficits in low-dose MPTP- treated monkeys. J Neurophysiol 1999;81(2):858-874.

(178) Margalit E, Abeles M, Bergman H. Sensory-Motor Transformation And Motor Planning In The Primate Frontal Cortex. J Basic Clin Physiol Pharmacol 1999;10(2):79-104.

(179) Donchin O, Gribova A, Steinberg O, Bergman H, Vaadia E. Primary motor cortex is involved in bimanual coordination. Nature 1998;395(6699):274-278.

(180) Prut Y, Vaadia E, Bergman H, Haalman I, Slovin H, Abeles M. Spatiotemporal structure of cortical activity: Properties and behavioral relevance. J Neurophysiol 1998;79(6):2857-2874.

(181) Bergman H, Raz A, Feingold A, Nini A, Nelken I, Hansel D, et al. Physiology of MPTP tremor. Mov Disord 1998;13(SUPPL. 3):29-34.

(182) Bergman H, Feingold A, Nini A, Raz A, Slovin H, Abeles M, et al. Physiological aspects of information processing in the basal ganglia of normal and parkinsonian primates. Trends Neurosci 1998;21(1):32-38.

(183) Seidemann E, Meilijson I, Abeles M, Bergman H, Vaadia E. Simultaneously recorded single units in the frontal cortex go through sequences of discrete and stable states in monkeys performing a delayed localization task. J Neurosci 1996;16(2):752-768.

(184) Raz A, Feingold A, Zelanskaya V, Vaadia E, Bergman H. Neuronal synchronization of tonically active neurons in the striatum of normal and parkinsonian primates. J Neurophysiol 1996;76(3):2083-2088.

(185) Abeles M, Bergman H, Gat I, Meilijson I, Seidemann E, Tishby N, et al. Cortical activity flips among quasi-stationary states. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1995;92(19):8616-8620.

(186) Ch. Wolters E, Tissingh G, Bergmans PLM, Kuiper MA, Agid Y, Cervera P, et al. Dopamine agonists in parkinson's disease. Neurology 1995;45(3):S28-S34.

(187) Vaadia E, Haalman I, Abeles M, Bergman H. Dynamics of neuronal interactions in monkey cortex in relation to behavioural events. Nature 1995;373(6514):515-518.

(188) Nini A, Feingold A, Slovin H, Bergman H. Neurons in the globus pallidus do not show correlated activity in the normal monkey, but phase-locked oscillations appear in the MPTP model of Parkinsonism. J Neurophysiol 1995;74(4):1800-1805.

(189) Mehta MR, Bergman H. Loss of frequencies in autocorrelations and a procedure to recover them. J Neurosci Methods 1995;62(1-2):65-71.

(190) Abeles M, Prut Y, Bergman H, Vaadia E. Synchronization in neuronal transmission and its importance for information processing. Prog Brain Res 1994;102(C):395-404.

(191) Wichmann T, Bergman H, DeLong MR. The primate subthalamic nucleus. I. Functional properties in intact animals. J Neurophysiol 1994;72(2):494-506.

(192) Bergman H, Wichmann T, Karmon B, DeLong MR. The primate subthalamic nucleus. II. Neuronal activity in the MPTP model of parkinsonism. J Neurophysiol 1994;72(2):507-520.

(193) Wichmann T, Bergman H, DeLong MR. The primate subthalamic nucleus. III. Changes in motor behavior and neuronal activity in the internal pallidum induced by subthalamic inactivation in the MPTP model of parkinsonism. J Neurophysiol 1994;72(2):521-530.

(194) Abeles M, Bergman H, Margalit E, Vaadia E. Spatiotemporal firing patterns in the frontal cortex of behaving monkeys. J Neurophysiol 1993;70(4):1629-1638.

(195) Karmon B, Bergman H. Detection of neuronal periodic oscillations in the basal ganglia of normal and Parkinsonian monkeys. Isr J Med Sci 1993;29(9):570-579.

(196) Ahissar E, Vaadia E, Ahissar M, Bergman H, Arieli A, Abeles M. Dependence of cortical plasticity on correlated activity of single neurons and on behavioral context. Science 1992;257(5075):1412-1415.

(197) Ahissar M, Ahissar E, Bergman H, Vaadia E. Encoding of sound-source location and movement: Activity of single neurons and interactions between adjacent neurons in the monkey auditory cortex. J Neurophysiol 1992;67(1):203-215.

(198) Bergman H, DeLong MR. A personal computer-based spike detector and sorter: implementation and evaluation. J Neurosci Methods 1992;41(3):187-197.

(199) Aertsen A, Vaadia E, Abeles M, Ahissar E, Bergman H, Karmon B, et al. Neural interactions in the frontal cortex of a behaving monkey: Sings of dependence on stimulus context and behavioral state. J Hirnforsch 1991;32(6):735-743.

(200) Aebischer P, Goddard M, Bergman H, Wichmann T, DeLong MR. Treating Parkinson's disease with lesions of the subthalamic nucleus. Science 1991;252(5002):133-134.

(201) Abeles M, Vaadia E, Bergman H. Reply to 'Cortex, Spikes and Waves' by H Stowell. Netw Comput Neural Syst 1990;1(2):235.

(202) Bergman H, Wichmann T, DeLong MR. Reversal of experimental parkinsonism by lesions of the subthalamic nucleus. Science 1990;249(4975):1436-1438.

(203) Abeles M, Vaadia E, Bergman H. Firing patterns of single units in the prefrontal cortex and neural network models. Netw Comput Neural Syst 1990;1(1):13-25.

(204) Vaadia E, Bergman H, Abeles M. Neuronal Activities Related to Higher Brain Functions—Theoretical and Experimental Implications. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 1989;36(1):25-35.

(205) Bergman H, Glusman S, Harris-Warrick RM, Kravitz EA, Nussinovitch I, Rahamimoff R. Noradrenaline augments tetanic potentiation of transmitter release by a calcium dependent process. Brain Res 1981;214(1):200-204.

(206) Nussinovitch I, Bergman H, Glusman S. Effect of noradrenaline on tetanic and posttetanic potentiation at the frog and rat neuromuscular junction. Isr J Med Sci 1981;17(5):388-389.